Submission by ACCESS member CCAK (Clean Cooking Association of Kenya). You can read more about their work on https://ccak.or.ke/
Clean Cooking Association of Kenya (CCAK) is a private, not for profit, business membership organization that represents the interest of clean cooking stakeholders by advocating for an enabling environment at both national and county level to catalyze the growth of the clean cooking sector and promote adoption of clean cooking technologies, capacity building of the sector and sector coordination.
On 5th November 2019 at the Clean Cooking Forum 2019 held at Radisson Blu Hotel (Nairobi), Cabinet Secretary for Energy, Hon. Charles Keter launched the Kenya Clean Cooking Sector Study Report, the country’s first-ever clean cooking study commissioned by the Ministry of Energy and the Clean Cooking Association of Kenya.
The study offers a glimpse of the situation in Kenyan kitchens, providing answers to many questions raised about the clean cooking sector, and meets key data needs outlined in the SEforALL agenda. It provides a powerful baseline for the sector in 2018 showing the status of both household and market elements of cooking. The study show that 92% of the rural populations still rely on solid fuels as their primary fuel source.
This means that there is need to deeply look into the clean cooking sector and visualize a shift to alternatives for all populations, and especially vulnerable populations. Kenya commits to shift to clean cooking through development of efficient cooking solutions thereby projecting an abatement potential of 7.3MtCO2e by 2030 as a means to mitigating climate change. Using clean cooking solutions will support the move by the government to restore Kenya’s forest cover to 10% up from the current 7%.
In this regards, the report will guide the Ministry of Energy in decision making for the clean cooking sector. It will also guide the Inter Ministerial Committee on clean cooking in planning for all related activities. The report should be able to be shared to multi-sectorial and be read by policy makers, researchers and planners across all sectors, and by anyone interested in making a change in the clean cooking sector.\
The Association was registered in 2013 with a mission to facilitate the scaling up of the clean cooking Solutions in the Kenyan markets. CCAK strives to build solidarity amongst relevant stakeholders and create effective partnerships to ensure that the use of clean cookstoves and fuels is the norm in Kenyan households and institutions.
Amanda Addo is a 54-year-old mother of four living in rural Ghana. To eke out a living she owns a small restaurant that sells indigenous Ghanaian delicacies to residents in her community. She is also one of the many caterers that the government of Ghana has contracted in the school feeding programme. The programme is an initiative by the Ghanaian government to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on education, poverty alleviation and food security by offering food to children from poor households and ensuring that they attend school. Amanda’s restaurant feeds about 420 children per day.
One of the challenges that Amanda faces in the running of her small business is the cost of firewood. A month’s worth of firewood costs 36 USD – a punitive amount for any woman living in the rural area. This coupled with the adverse health effects that come with it. Amanda’s situation is not unique, exposure to smoke from polluting, open fires or inefficient fuels – the primary means of cooking for nearly three billion people in the developing world – causes nearly 4 million premature deaths.
It is against this backdrop that ACCESS in
collaboration with Hivos held a CSOs engagement workshop in Ghana. The workshop
brought together government and CSOs to share experiences and learnings on how
the policy environment is contributing or hampering progress towards achieving
Clean Cooking and DRE targets in Ghana. The participants interrogated the successes
and challenges and what opportunities were presented by the civic space to
strengthen their advocacy efforts.
Ghana is one of the success stories in Africa in terms of electrification and clean cooking – 84% of the population enjoys access to electricity. In his opening remarks, Mr. Wisdom Togogbo, the Director of Renewable Energy at the Ministry of Energy & Petroleum affirmed Ghana’s commitment to double access to clean affordable energy by integrating renewable energy to reduce carbon emissions. He emphasized on the government’s plan to increase clean cooking through LPG penetration in the local districts by adopting the gas cylinder recirculation model. It is worth noting that West Africa is currently leading in terms of clean cooking due to the wide adoption of LPG in the region.
He stated that 9 out of the 20 programmes set in Ghana’s Nationally Determined Contributions (Gh-NDCs) as part of commitments towards the Paris Agreement is geared towards the energy sector. This includes adding 10% renewable energy into the country’s energy mix. As at 2015, Ghana produces 42.5 Megawatts of renewable energy and hopes to increase it to over a 1000 Megawatts by 2030 to reduce the country’s dependency on thermal energy as well as make DRE available to off-grid communities. About 220,000 jobs would be created along the value chain of the Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP) implementation.
Some of the successes in DRE & Clean cooking identified by the participants included the draft national Clean Cooking Strategy that is currently under review, and the Energy Master Plan that presents an entry for CSOs to influence its implementation. This was as a result of advocacy undertaken by Ghanaian CSOs advocating for DRE & Clean Cooking. The participants also affirmed that a lot of trainings targeting women and youth on the benefits and productive uses of clean cooking had taken place. There was also political goodwill from the government with the second lady of Ghana, Samira Bawumia, serving as the ambassador for clean cooking and helping raise awareness on pertinent issues.
One of the biggest challenges identified was the lack of financing – both at the national and local level – to implement the infrastructure needed to support DRE and Clean cooking. At the community level, women like Amanda, have to dig deep into their pocket to invest in clean cookstoves. Thanks to her small business, she managed to save up and invest in six of these cookstoves. For many of her friends who do not have a source income, they have to make-do with firewood. With the new improved cookstoves, Amanda spends about USD 7 on fuel – a fifth of the cost of using firewood. Amanda’s appeal to the government is to put in place subsidies or financing that allows women to pay for clean cookstoves through flexible payment plans.
On the upside, there are many local artisans producing improved cookstoves. Participants, however, agreed that there needs to be government regulations on the standards of production and the final product. So what next? To entrench the gains made and address the challenges in DRE & clean cooking in Ghana, the CSOs agreed that :
Building synergy with other platforms that share common goals such as the SDG 7 Ghana platform would strengthen advocacy efforts.
The CSOs also committed to invest in capacity building in areas such as research, governance and advocacy.
CSOs to work with other stakeholders in harmonizing data and also ensure the acquisition of technical skills for data analysis.
CSOs need to understand the existing frameworks and policies as pertains DRE and clean cooking.
To ensure financial sustainability, CSOs were encouraged to venture into social enterprise business models.
As ACCESS heads to Zambia, some of these learnings will be shared with the CSOs to see how they integrate these learnings in their advocacy agenda, noting that the Southern Africa region is lagging behind in terms of progress to achieve DRE and clean cooking targets.
*The workshop was supported by one of our partners – Hivos. This was the first of a series of forums to be held in Zambia and Senegal.
A report released this week by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves shows that more than 53 million clean and/or efficient cookstoves and fuels have been distributed in the 2010-2015 timeframe. The 2016 Progress Report highlights the continuing momentum as the Alliance’s more than 1,600 partners work toward the goal of enabling 100 million households to adopt clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels by 2020.
One fifth of women around the world cook on wood or charcoal stoves. This is not only bad for their health – it causes 4.3 million premature deaths per year according the World Health Organisation – but it is also the single biggest source of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. Over the last ten years we have seen many developments, such as the massive spread of mobile phones in developing countries, so why don’t we see a change in cooking habits? Why do we still accept women cooking on firewood stoves without thinking about alternatives that match with a decade in which most people have modern mobile phones?
This article was previously posted in the Sierra Club Magazine September/October 2016 edition with the headline “All of Africa Will Be Bright”. Both Sierra Club and Solar Sister are members of the ACCESS Coalition.